Glossary

CBD is vast. We have listed down each and every term that you need to understand before and while using CBD for medicinal purposes. Go ahead, and explore!

Cannabis

A genus of plants commonly known for its medicinal and recreational use. Different species of cannabis plants are used for different purposes mainly medicinal, recreational and religious depending on the constituents of the plant. There are two major classes of species under theses genus known as Cannabis indica (C.indica) and Cannabis sativa (C. sativa). There are different strains of these plants being developed for the availability of specific compounds

Marijuana

Marijuana is a plant that can be classified under both C. indica and C.sativa. Marijuana generally contains a high amount of THC which makes it apt as a recreational drug.

Medical Marijuana

Cannabis plant that is used for treating medical purposes. These are generally low in THC concentration.

Hemp

A variety of Cannabis sativa plant that is best known for its industrial production as a source of medicine. The hemp plant has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of CBD which makes it desirable for medical purposes. The hemp plant is used in different industries such as fiber, textile, and medicine.

CBD

CBD is the short form used for the compound Cannabidiol. Cannabidiol is one of the cannabinoid compound present in C. sativa plant. CBD does not possess any psychoactive properties. CBD is the main constituent of medical marijuana.

CBD Oil

The oil extracted from the cannabis plant with a high concentration of CBD in it. Medicinal oils infused with CBD are also sometimes referred to as CBD oil.

THC

THC is the short form for the compound Tetrahydrocannabinol. THC is found in the Cannabis plant with varying concentrations present in different species. THC is responsible for the psychoactivities produced from the cannabis commonly referred to as “high” feeling.

Hemp oil

Oil extracted from the hemp plant is known as hemp oil. Hemp oil contains CBD and other cannabinoids, terpenes and other compounds from the hemp plant. Medicinal grade hemp oil contains a higher percentage of CBD compared to other constituents.

Hemp Extract

Hemp extract contains all the phytocannabinoids from the hemp plant. This can include cannabinoids, minerals, antioxidants and other plant matter.

Phytocannabinoid

Phytocannabinoids are the chemicals that are present in the Cannabis plant which resemble endocannabinoids. Commonly known phytocannabinoids are CBD, THC, CBDV and so on.

Endocannabinoid system

Biological system present in the human body that helps in the regulation of many functions. Endocannabinoid system works with the help of endocannabinoids, chemicals that are distributed in the nervous system.

Endocannabinoids

Naturally occurring compounds present in the human body that activates the endocannabinoid system.

Cannabinoids

A class of chemical molecules present in the Cannabis plant which are able to interact with the cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system.

CB1

Cannabinoid receptor type 1: One of the primary receptors present in the endocannabinoid system that is present mostly in the central.

CB2

Cannabinoid receptor type 2: one of the primary receptors present in the endocannabinoid system that is spread in the peripheral nervous system or in the immunity system.

Receptors

Proteins present in the biological system which interacts with specific chemicals/ proteins and helps with transferring signals to bring desired responses.

CBD Extract

CBD extract is an extract from the hemp plant that has different phytocannabinoids and plant materials in it. CBD extract will have higher concentration of CBD and less concentration of THC. Depending on other factors, the concentration of other cannabinoids may vary in the extract.

Industrial Hemp

The cannabis plant or hemp used for industrial purposes mainly for medicine is known as industrial hemp. This strain of plants have low concentration of THC (less than 0.3%).

Neurogenesis

The process by which neurons are generated in the nervous system. Neurons are the cells that build up the nervous system.

Serotonin

Serotonin is one of the commonly known “happiness hormones” which plays an important role in regulating mood and emotion. It is one of the neurotransmitters responsible for many other physiological processes such as memory, learning, etc.

Hippocampus

An important part of the brain which deals with memory and navigation. Hippocampus is the first region to be affected in the case of Alzehemers and other mental disorders.

Full Spectrum

A full spectrum product refers to a Cannabis product that contains all the compounds present in the plant in its original quantity. This mainly includes cannabinoids, flavonoids, terpenes, and other plant matter.

Tincture

CBD tinctures are CBD that comes in liquid form and can be used orally. Tinctures generally have a high concentration of CBD and are suspended in a small amount of distilled alcohol.

Broad Spectrum

A broad spectrum product includes CBD and all the other plant compounds except THC.

Terpenes

Terpenes are organic aromatic compounds that are present in the cannabis plant. These are responsible for the characteristic smell of the hemp extract.

Entourage Effect

The concept of chemical compounds working together to give better results in the biological system rather than a single isolated compound.

CO2 Extraction

An extraction process that uses pressurised Carbon dioxide for the extraction of phytochemicals from a plant.

Non-Psychotoxic

Non-psychotoxic drugs does not get you high or give any euphoric feelings. They also not affect you in mental activities. Unlike marijuana, CBD is non-psychotoxic in nature.

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